Photo by Mack Sullivan

Artist Bio:

Through the activation of public spaces around the world, Taiwanese-American artist Candy Chang creates rituals that uncover the complexity of our inner lives. Her practice includes participatory installations of anonymous, handwritten reflections, as well as reproductions of these reflections through video and mixed media. She is interested in the future of ritual in public life and the aesthetics of the handwritten word. She is caretaker of over one million handwritten anxieties, hopes, pains, and moments of grace in the 21st century.

She is most known for her 2011 participatory public artwork Before I Die, which reimagines how the walls of our cities can help us grapple with mortality and meaning as a community today. Over 5,000 Before I Die walls have been created by communities in over 75 counties, and The Atlantic called it “one of the most creative community projects ever.” Trained in architecture, design, and urban planning, she originally created participatory art with communities around the world to reflect on the state of our neighborhoods. After struggling with grief and depression, she used this medium to reflect on the state of our psyches. She has created a monument of over 50,000 anxieties and hopes, transformed a building into a device for philosophical reflection, created secular spaces for confessions, and made electrified shrines on emotional barriers. She has worked with organizations including Mural Arts Philadelphia, Art Production Fund, the Rubin Museum of Art, and the Annenberg Foundation. She often collaborates with James A. Reeves and their work can be found at Ritual Fields.

She is a TED Senior Fellow, Urban Innovation Fellow, and World Economic Forum Young Global Leader. She is a recipient of the Tony Goldman Visionary Artist Award and was named a “Live Your Best Life” Local Hero by Oprah Magazine, as well as one of the Top 100 Leaders in Public Interest Design. Her work has been exhibited in the Venice Architecture Biennale, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Ogden Museum of Southern Art, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. She has lived in Helsinki and New Orleans and is currently based in New York City.


For speaking engagements, please contact:
The Lavin Agency
USA: 212-242-1212
Canada: 416-979-7979

Stay in touch:


Artist Statement:

During some of my darkest times, I’ve seen the value of public rituals to restore perceptive, learn from the people around me, and remember that our shared struggles and desires far outweigh our differences. As the world feels more uncertain, distracting, and alienating, emotional infrastructure feels more vital.

I create rituals to reflect on the human condition. Buildings, plazas, and walls become interactive spaces to reckon with the darker corners of our minds. Whether they’re written on the side of a building or hung on a gallery wall, each response is anonymous, unmasking the discomfort, dread, longing, gratitude, humor, pain, and grace found in every community. Each response is handwritten, loaded with character in the form of bold lines, pained scribbles, and modest letterforms. Together, they form an intimate portrait of our communities today and where we need help.

I am now caretaker of over one million handwritten reflections from people around the world. They point to where we need more support. They make me braver in my own self-examination and relationships. They teach me what helps us hold on and persevere. Inspired by the techniques of Chinese seals, calligraphy, and ink rubbings, I stamp them repeatedly like visual meditations and sequence them in videos. I return these sentiments to the public so they might help others and to celebrate the humanity of the handwritten word. It’s an act of devotion to these writers and their scribbled aches, like composing a hymn of our psyches in the early 21st century.


B.S, Architecture, University of Michigan
B.S, Graphic Design, University of Michigan
M.S., Urban Planning, Columbia University

Recent Public Art & Exhibitions

Light the Barricades, WALLS: Defend, Divide, and the Divine, The Mint Museum, Charlotte, North Carolina, February 24 -July 25, 2021.

A Collective Curiosity: Her Voice in the Arts, Lamont Gallery, Exeter, New Hampshire, January 19 – June 6, 2021.

No Spectators: The Art of Burning Man, Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, California, October 12, 2019 – February 16, 2020.

Confessions, Elsewhere, Wonderspaces, Scottsdale, Arizona, October 12, 2019 – January 1, 2020.

Light the Barricades, WALLS: Defend, Divide, and the Divine, Annenberg Space for Photography, Los Angeles, California, September 5 – December 29, 2019.

Art of the City: Postmodern to Post-Katrina, The Helis Foundation and Historic New Orleans Collection, April 6 – October 6, 2019.

Confessions, In Common, Wonderspaces, San Diego, California, June 7 – September 1, 2019.

No Spectators: The Art of Burning Man, Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio, April 26 – September 2, 2019.

A Monument for the Anxious and Hopeful, The Rubin Museum of Art, New York, New York, February 10, 2018 – January 7, 2019.

Before I Die, Arts Center of Mississippi, Greater Jackson Arts Council, Jackson, Mississippi, 2019.

No Spectators: The Art of Burning Man, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., March 30, 2018 – January 21, 2019.

Confessions, ARTsakh Fest, Institute of Contemporary Art, Stepanakert, Artsakh, Azerbaijan, October 5 – 7, 2018.

Confessions, Karoyan Gallery and Moscow Cinema, Yerevan, Armenia, October 10 – November 2, 2017

See full CV


Selected Talks

American Planning Association National Conference, Atlanta, Georgia

Annenberg Space for Photography, Los Angeles, California

Center for Architecture, New York, New York

Centro de Arte Contemporânea Inhotim, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

City of San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas

Creativity World Forum, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Dallas Women’s Foundation, Dallas, Texas

Detroit Regional Chamber Policy Conference, Detroit, Michigan

Global Health Summit, New Orleans, Louisiana

Google, Macau, China

Green Building Alliance, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Metropolitan Planning Council, Chicago, Illinois

Mint Museum, Charlotte, North Carolina

New Mexico Municipal League, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Psych Congress, San Diego, California

Rubin Museum of Art, New York, New York

Savannah College of Art and Design, Atlanta, Georgia

School of Visual Arts, New York, New York

Summer Public Art School, Turku, Finland

TED Conference, Long Beach, California

TED Global Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland

Visión Diseño Conference, Querétaro, Mexico

Vivid Sydney Festival, Sydney, Australia

Watermark Conference for Women, Santa Clara, California

We The City Conference, Vancouver, Canada 

WESTAF Public Art Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii

Women Motion Picture & Television Fund, Beverly Hills, California

Women’s Leadership Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada

Youth Art Camp, Almaty, Kazakhstan


“Before I Die is merely one of the most creative community projects ever.”
—The Atlantic

“Candy Chang’s work at the intersection of public art, community engagement, and urban design touches on every aspect of art’s role in society and contributes to meaningful placemaking in our communities.”
—Public Art Review

“Candy Chang’s art serves as a wake-up call in our fast-paced digital age… She transforms nondescript urban spaces into compelling works that inspire the often device-obsessed masses to engage with each other, and the world around them.”
—Ad Age

“Chang’s emotionally driven projects prove we may have more in common with our neighbors than we think.”
— Forbes

“The notion of turning neglected space into an active invitation to engage with your community and get to know your neighbors is a wonderful embodiment of enlightened urbanism. What’s more, it’s a reminder that not all meaningful social platforms are accessed through a screen.”
—Brain Pickings

See more press



The Varieties of Religious Experience
William James

Stories of Your Life / Exhalation
Ted Chiang

Just Kids
Patti Smith

White Noise
Don DeLillo

The Middle Passage
James Hollis

Understanding Comics
Scott McCloud

The Righteous Mind
Jonathan Haidt

J.G. Ballard

The Story of Philosophy
Will Durant

Devil in the White City
Erik Larson

The Machine at the End of the Mechanical Age
K.G. Pontus Hulten, ed. Museum of Modern Art

Children of Men
P.D. James

The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces
William Whyte

The Little Prince
Antoine Saint-Exupery

The I Ching
(Book of Changes)


In the Mood for Love
Wong Kar Wai

Blade Runner
Ridley Scott

Apocalypse Now
Francis Ford Coppola

The Century of the Self
Adam Curtis

Lost in Translation
Sofia Coppola

8 1/2
Federico Fellini

Before Sunrise / Before Sunset / Before Midnight
Richard Linklater

Ex Machina
Alex Garland

Carl Sagan

The Host
Bong Joon Ho

The City of Lost Children
Jean-Pierre Jeunet & Marc Caro

First Reformed
Paul Schrader

Marjorie Prime
Michael Almereyda

Mulholland Drive
David Lynch

New York: A Documentary Film
Ric Burns


Sister Part 1
Cliff Martinez

Godspeed You! Black Emperor

A Trop Répéter Bien
Alice Dona


Some Velvet Morning
Lee Hazlewood and Nancy Sinatra

Be Brave
Tropic of Cancer

Godspeed You! Black Emperor

I Will Return

Francoise Hardy

Aphex Twin

Spectacle of Ritual
Kali Malone

Far From the Atmosphere IV
Chihei Hatakeyama

The Voice of Love
Angelo Badalamenti

A Great Big Sled
The Killers

Perfect Day
Lou Reed